Local wine and grape variety are two very different specifics from a wine. When one takes into account the richness of the terroir, the other takes into account the complexity of the grape. Let's discover how the Côtes de Provence is a local wine.
What is a local wine?
A local wine is characterized by the ground and the basement on which the grape has pushed. Indeed, each terroir has its own characteristics, which make the specificity of the wine obtained. This thus comes from climatic conditions, type of wind (hot or cold), altitude, sun exposure ... A producer of local wines leaves nature act, by limiting interventions as much as possible, whether it be for viticulture or for vinification.
Each type of floor will then get a different terroir wine, and the complexity of the basement will make all the originality of the wine. Indeed, the more the roots of the vine sink deep into the basement, the more they immerse themselves with the peculiarities of the terroir, and give a unique taste to wine.
Among the different peculiarities specific to each wine terroir, we can remember:
- The clay-limestone soils give round and fresh wines;
- Granite soils offer mineral, fine and elegant wines;
- Siliceous floors allow wine to develop its aromas, with subtle floral notes;
- The schist soils provide hardness and color to wine…
Thus, a local wine already gives a very good indication of the type of wine, its aromas and its subtleties, even if many other parameters make the uniqueness of each wine.
Terroir wine and grape variety
The grape variety is defined as a wine from a single grape variety. It is then distinguished from assembly wines, where several grape varieties are mixed. The grape variety, meanwhile, simply represents the variety of the vine. This then produces a very specific grape, which gives unique characteristics and an identity specific to wines.
Here, the notion of terroir and wine regions does not intervene, only the grape variety is honored. Thus, depending on the production area, a grape variety will not give the same taste qualities, even if the grape variety is the same. A grape variety can also be called "monoceeping wine".
To find out if you are dealing with a grape variety, just look at the label of the wine bottle. A grape variety necessarily mentions the grape from which the wine comes from.
Just as the soil gives various wines, let's discover the aromas of aromas offered by the different grape varieties:
- A riesling will have aromas of fishing, pear and apricot;
- A Pinot Noir will offer notes of strawberry, raspberry, cherry and mushroom;
- A Sauvignon will give aromas of lemon, apple and fishing ...
Is the coast of Provence a local wine?
The Côtes de Provence is undoubtedly a local wine. With its complex geology, it is recognized by two major geological areas of culture of the vine: one limestone, and the other crystalline. This wide variety makes it possible to obtain varied Côtes de Provence name wines, with each a particular climate and geological identity.
Do you want to discover the Côtes de Provence local wine? The Berne estate enjoys a mineral terroir which makes its full aromatic complexity of its pink wines.